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    > 初中英語 > 初中英語單詞 > 初中英語單詞全解全練 >  第30課

    初中英語必考2000詞 P Pacific→put

    所屬教程:初中英語單詞全解全練

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    2022年06月10日

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    初中英語必考2000詞 P Pacific→put

    Pacific [p??s?f?k ] a. 太平洋的 n. 太平洋

    配  Asia pacific 亞太地區;亞太區

    Pacific Ocean 太平洋

    例  In 1935, she was the first person to fly over the Pacific from Hawaii to California by herself. 1935年,她成為了獨立橫跨太平洋,從夏威夷飛到加利福尼亞的第一人。(2010·長春)

    pack [p?k ] n. 包,背包,包裹 vt. 包裝;捆扎

    配  a pack of 一包;(野獸等的)一群;一盒

    pack up 整理;把……打包

    例  I had planned to run away from home and I was going home to pack my things. 我計劃好了離家出走,我要回家去收拾我的東西。(2011·揚州)

    package [?p?k?? ] n. (尤指包裝好或密封的容器)包,袋 vt. 把……打包(或裝箱)

    構  pack(n. 包,背包)+age(名詞后綴)

    拓  packaged a. 包裝過的

    例  Now potato chips are packaged and sold in stores. 如今薯條被包裝起來,在商店出售。(2011·天津)

    Don't worry. Your package will be kept here until you come back, so enjoy shopping here. 別擔心,你的行李可以寄存在這里,購物愉快?。?011·安徽)

    page [pe?? ] n. 頁,頁碼

    配  web page 網頁 home page 主頁;第一個界面

    例  The web is made up of millions of documents called web pages . 網站是由數百萬的被叫做網頁的文件組成。(2012·大連)

    pain [pe?n ] n. 疼,疼痛

    拓  painful a. 痛苦的;疼痛的 painfully ad. 痛苦地,費力地 painless a. 不痛的

    配  in pain 痛苦 with great pain 煞費苦心地

    例  I don't feel any pain in my body, and I can run.我身體不覺得疼痛,而且我還能跑。(2010·沈陽)

    He doesn't go hiking anymore because of the pain in his leg. 因為腿疼,他不再去遠足了。(2010·烏魯木齊)

    paint [pe?nt ] n. 油漆 vt. 油漆;繪畫

    拓  painting n. 繪畫;油畫;著色

    painter n. 畫家;油漆匠

    配  oil paint 油漆;油畫顏料

    例  Ben was watching Tom paint with great interest.

    本饒有興趣地看著湯姆畫畫。(2012·鹽城)

    painting [?pe?nt?? ] n. 畫,油畫,水彩畫

    拓  paint n. 油漆 vt. 油漆;繪畫

    painting-room n. 畫室

    配  Chinese painting 國畫

    oil painting 油畫;油畫藝術

    例  Her wish is to work for a few decades and then spend her time on music and painting . 她希望工作幾十年,然后把時間消磨在音樂和畫畫上。(2012·上海)

    pair [pe? ] n. 一雙,一對

    拓  pairing n. 配對

    配  a pair of 一對;一雙

    例  In deep winter, he could not do without a pair of gloves. 在隆冬時節,他不能沒有一副手套。(2012·深圳)

    He has quite a lot of pairs of shoes. 他有許多雙鞋。(2011·十堰)

    palace [?p?l?s ] n. 宮,宮殿

    配  Palace Museum 故宮博物院

    例  The Emperor asked his men to bring it to the palace . 國王讓他的侍從把它帶進皇宮。(2010·烏魯木齊)

    pale [pe?l ] a. 蒼白的,灰白的

    拓  palely ad. 蒼白地;淡色地

    配  turn pale(臉色)變得蒼白

    例  Then his face grew pale and his smile slowly disappeared. 然后他的臉色變得蒼白,笑容慢慢消失了。(2010·佛山)

    pancake [?p?nke?k ] n. 薄煎餅

    構  pan(n. 平底鍋)+cake(n. 蛋糕)

    例  In fact, pancakes were made long ago in ancient China. 事實上,薄煎餅在古時候的中國很早就有了。(2009·綿陽)

    panda [?p?nd? ] n. 熊貓

    配  giant panda 大貓熊

    例  The movie Kung fu Panda 2 is so wonderful that many children enjoy watching it. 《功夫熊貓2》如此精彩以至于許多孩子都喜歡看。(2011·福建)

    Shenzhen is expecting the pair of pandas for the Summer Univcrsiade. 深圳為迎接世界大學生運動會期待一對大熊貓的到來。(2011·深圳)

    pants [p?nts ] n. 褲子

    拓  pantsuit n. 長褲與衣相配成套的便服

    trousers n. 褲子,長褲

    配  casual pants 休閑褲 hot pants 緊身短褲;熱褲

    例  How much is one pair of pants ? 一條褲子多少錢?(2009·烏魯木齊)

    paper [?pe?p? ] n. (報)紙,論文

    拓  paperwork n. 文書工作

    配  on paper 以書面形式;在名義上

    例  Paper provided an important way to communicate with knowledge. 紙為知識的交流提供了重要的途徑。(2011·昆明)

    To make sure that there are no mistakes, he will check the paper carefully. 他將仔細檢查論文以確保無誤。(2011·鎮江)

    pardon [?pɑ?dn ] n. 原諒,寬恕

    拓  pardonable a. 可原諒的

    pardonably ad. 可原諒地;可寬恕地

    配  beg your pardon 對不起,請原諒,請您再說一遍

    例  —At lunch time I'd like to have a chat with you.

    —Pardon ? Have what with me?

    ——午飯時間我想和你聊聊。

    ——對不起,想找我干嗎?(2009·包頭)

    parent [?pe?r?nt ] n. 父親,母親,雙親

    拓  parental a. 父母親的,父母的

    配  parent company 總公司,母公司

    single parent 單親;單身母親;單身父親

    例  How often do you have a face-to-face talk with your parent(s) ? 你多長時間與你的父母進行一次面對面地交流?(2011·蘭州)

    park [pɑ?k ] n. 公園 vt. 停放(汽車)

    拓  parking a. 停車的 n. 停車

    配  national park(美)國家公園

    theme park(游樂園中的)主題樂園

    例  There are many parks in Yancheng. Which is your favorite? 鹽城有許多公園,你最喜歡哪一個?(2012·鹽城)

    If you have more than one car you will have to park it on the road. 如果你擁有的車超過一輛,你只能把車停在路上了。(2012·杭州)

    parrot [?p?r?t ] n. 鸚鵡

    例  I'll be away on holiday. Would you mind looking after my parrot ? 我要外出度假了,您介意幫我照看下鸚鵡嗎?(2008·南京)

    part [pɑ?t ] n. 部分;角色;部件 a. 局部的,部分的 v. 分離,分開

    拓  parted a. 分開的

    配  in part 部分地;在某種程度上

    take part in 參加,參與

    part-time job 兼職

    例  When the big earthquake hit Japan, people from different parts of the world helped a lot. 日本大地震后,世界各地的人們給予了很大幫助。(2011·陜西)

    Why did the teacher change Frank's part in the school play? 為什么老師將弗蘭克在這部學校話劇里的角色改變了?(2012·山西)

    particular [p??t?kj?l? ] a. 特殊的,獨特的

    拓  particularly ad. 特別地,獨特地

    配  in particular 尤其,特別

    例  In particular , trees are very important because they produce oxygen and control the climate.樹木很重要尤其在于它能產生氧氣,調節氣溫。(2009·遼寧)

    partner [?pɑ?tn? ] n. 伙伴,同伴,搭檔

    拓  partnership n. 合伙;合作關系;合伙契約

    配  partner with 做伙伴

    trading /business partner 貿易伙伴;合作伙伴

    例  It's good to tell a study partner about your feeling. 告訴學習伙伴你的感受挺好的。(2011·安徽)

    party [?pɑ?ti ] n. 聚會,晚會;黨派

    配  Communist Party of China n. 中國共產黨

    party member 黨員

    例  I am sorry for missing your birthday party . 很抱歉我沒能參加你的生日派對。(2012·北京)

    We are going to celebrate the 90th birthday of our Party on July 1st, 2011. 2011年7月1日,我們將慶祝建黨90周年。(2011·鹽城)

    pass [pɑ?s ] vt. 傳,遞;通過 vi. 經過 n. 通行證;通過

    拓  passer n. 過路人;旅客;考試合格者

    配  pass through 穿過……;通過……

    pass on 傳遞;繼續

    pass by 經過;走過;逝去

    例  How fast the time passed ! 時間過得真快?。。?011·廣州)

    Will you please pass me a cup of tea? 請遞給我一杯茶,好嗎?(2011·金華)

    passage [?p?s?n? ] n. (文章等的)一節,一段;通道

    配  safe passage 安全通行,安全通道

    underground passage 地下通道;地底通道

    例  This passage is mainly about the life of African Americans. 這篇文章主要描寫非裔美國人的生活。(2012·無錫)

    passenger [?p?s?n?? ] n. 乘客,旅客

    配  passenger traffic 客運 passenger flow 客流 passenger train 客車

    例  He has to be at the service of all kinds of passengers at all times. 他得隨時為所有乘客服務。(2011·無錫)

    The captain wishes the passengers a pleasant stay in New York. 船長希望乘客在紐約玩得愉快。(2012·河北)

    passport [?pɑ?sp??t ] n. 護照

    構  pass(n. 通過)+port(n. 港口)

    例  He said his wallet and passport were in the jacket. 他說他的錢包和護照都在夾克口袋里。(2011·貴陽)

    On Saturday, the opening day of the Expo, the 110,000 Expo passports were sold out within a few hours. 周六世博會開幕日,11萬多個世博護照在幾小時內銷售一空。(2010·青島)

    past [pɑ?st ] ad. 過 n. 過去,昔日 prep. 過……,經過

    配  in the past 在過去

    例  I don't know whether EXPO was held in our country in the past . 我不知道我們國家過去是否舉辦過世博會。(2010·黃石)

    He gets back home at a quarter past six. 他六點一刻回到了家。(2011·南寧)

    path [pɑ?θ ] n. 小道,小徑

    拓  pathless a. 無路的;人跡罕到的

    配  set sb. on the right path 使某人走上正路

    例  Some cities now have special bicycle paths and many people cycle to work. 現在有些城市已經有了自行車專行道,許多人騎自行車上班。(2012·鹽城)

    If you ever find yourself in the path of a hurricane, be sure to remember the following safety tips. 如果你發現了自己在颶風影響的范圍內,請一定要記住以下安全躲避的要點。(2011·南京)

    patient [?pe??nt ] n. 病人 a. 耐心的

    拓  patiently ad. 耐心地;有毅力地

    patience n. 耐性,耐心;忍耐,容忍

    配  be patient with 對……有耐心

    例  Are you patient enough to teach me how to send emails? 你有足夠的耐心教我發電子郵件嗎?(2011·鎮江)

    Did the doctor operate on the patients yesterday? 昨天這位醫生為病人做手術了嗎?(2010·江蘇)

    pay [pe? ] v. (paid, paid) 付錢,給……報酬 n. 工資

    拓  payment n. 付款;報酬

    配  pay attention to 對……注意

    pay for 支付,賠償

    pay back 償還(借款),報答,報復

    例  Nowadays more and more people pay attention to food safety. 如今越來越多的人關注食品安全。(2011·福建)

    The money pays for the child's school expenses, food, medical care and clothing. 這些錢用于支付孩子們的學校開支、食物、醫療以及服裝。(2011·上海)

    P.E. [?pi??i? ]〈縮〉=physical education n. 體育

    例  —What's your favorite subject?

    —My favorite subject is P.E.

    ——你最喜歡哪門課?

    ——我最喜歡的科目是體育。(2011·湘西)

    He is our new P.E. teacher. 他是我們新的體育老師。(2011·廈門)

    P.C. [?pi??si? ]〈縮〉=personal computer 個人電腦

    例  They thought that the computer would be a very important tool in every office and in every home, so they began developing software for personal computers . 他們認為電腦將會是每個辦公室和每個家庭非常重要的工具,所以他們開始研發個人電腦軟件。(2011·南寧)

    peace [pi?s ] n. 和平

    拓  peaceful a. 平靜的;安寧的

    配  make one's peace with sb. 與……和解,重新和好 at peace 處于平靜狀態

    例  You'll enjoy better health and peace of mind. 你將擁有更健康的身體和平和的心態。(2009·河北)

    They both wanted to break the world record for the longest handshake to bring more love and peace to the world. 他們倆都想打破世界最長握手時間的紀錄,以帶給世界更多的愛和和平。(2012·陜西)

    peaceful [?pi?sfl ] a. 平靜的;安寧的

    構  peace(n. 和平)+ful(形容詞后綴)

    拓  peace n. 和平

    例  Some colors make us feel calm and peaceful . 一些顏色使我們感到平靜和安寧。(2011·寧波)

    Hopefully, in the near future, humans can enjoy the clear and beautiful sky again and all the wildlife will live a peaceful and undisturbed life, too. 希望在不久的將來,人類可以重又享受到清晰美麗的天空,而所有的野生動物們也能過上平靜自在的生活。(2009·常州)

    pear [pe? ] n. 梨;梨樹

    拓  pear-shaped a. 梨形的

    例  Which do you like best, apples, pears or bananas? 蘋果、梨和香蕉,你最喜歡哪種?(2009·包頭)

    peel [pi?l ] vt. 剝皮,去皮

    拓  peeling n. 剝皮,剝下的皮

    配  peel off 剝去;脫掉

    例  Peel the banana first and blend it with milk. 先剝掉香蕉皮,然后與牛奶混合。(2009·綿陽)

    pen [pen ] n. 鋼筆,筆

    拓  pen-friend n. 筆友

    配  pen pal 筆友

    ball pen 圓珠筆

    例  Peter, could you please lend me your pen ? 彼得,可以把筆借給我嗎?(2011·貴陽)

    pence [pens ] n. (復)便士,美分

    拓  penny n. 〈單〉便士;美分

    例  These pears are selling at 40 pence a kilo. 這些梨子售價每公斤40便士。

    pencil [?pensl ] n. 鉛筆

    配  pencil sharpener 卷筆刀 eyebrow pencil 眉筆

    例  Louisa didn't have a pencil , so I let her borrow mine. 路易莎沒有鉛筆,所以我把我的借給她了。(2011·黃岡)

    penguin [?pe?gw?n ] n. 企鵝

    例  He asked some birds if they knew where the penguin came from. 他問一些小鳥知不知道企鵝是從哪里來的。

    penny [?peni ](pl. pence)n. 〈英〉便士;美分

    拓  pence n. (復)便士,美分

    penniless adj. 身無分文的;貧窮的

    配  not a penny 不名一文,一分錢也沒有

    例  —I think you can save money by yourself to buy a birthday present for your mother.

    —OK. I'll try. I'll not let a penny waste.

    ——我認為你可以省著點錢給你媽媽買禮物。

    ——好的,我盡量。我不會浪費一分錢。(2011·湖北)

    people [?pi?pl ] n. 人們;人民

    拓  person n. 人(單)

    例  Shakespeare's plays are seen by millions of people every year. 每年都有數以百萬計的人觀看莎士比亞的戲劇。(2011·天津)

    per [p? ] prep. 經,由,靠

    配  per cent 百分之……,百分數

    例  Sound travels through air at a speed of about 340 metres per second. 聲音通過空氣,以每秒340米的速度傳遞。(2011·無錫)

    percent [p??sent ] n. 百分之一;百分比 a. (與基數詞連用)百分之……的

    拓  percentage n. 百分比;百分率,百分數

    配  one hundred percent 百分之百;不折不扣

    例  They discovered that those who regularly ate apples were 20 percent less likely to suffer heart illnesses and stroke. 他們發現那些經常吃蘋果的人,可能患心臟病和中風的幾率低20%。(2011·常州)

    perfect [?p?:f?kt ] a. 完美的;全然的

    構  per(詞根表示完全,徹底)+fect(詞根表示做,制造)

    拓  perfectly ad. 完美地;完全地

    perfection n. 完善;完美

    配  perfect oneself in 精通;熟練;完全掌握

    例  I'm sure she had been a perfect homemaker. 我確信她是一個完美的主婦。(2011·揚州)

    You cannot expect to be perfect , so you must learn not to be too unhappy when you make a mistake. 你不能期望十全十美,所以你必須學會犯錯誤后不會太難過。(2011·鎮江)

    perform [p??f??m ] vt. & vi. 演出,表演,行動

    拓  performance n. 表演,演出,行動

    performer n. 表演者

    配  perform an operation 動手術;做手術

    perform a contract 執行合同

    例  Young musicians from all over Germany perform at Young Scene Concert at Berlin's famous Quasimodo music hall. 全德國的年輕音樂家們齊聚柏林著名的卡西莫多音樂廳,為年輕人現場音樂會獻上演出。(2012·煙臺)

    After the story was broadcast, some doctors called, offering to perform the operation for free. 新聞播出后,有些醫生打電話來,表示愿意提供免費手術。(2008·南京)

    performance [p??f??m?ns ] n. 表演,演出,行動

    構  perform(v. 演出 表演)+ance(名詞后綴)

    拓  perform v. 表演,演出;行動

    例  Jeremy Lin's excellent performances in basketball attracted the eyes of both Americans and Chinese this year . 杰里米·林(林書豪)今年在籃球場上優異的表現吸引了所有中國人和美國人的目光。(2012·深圳)

    perhaps [p??h?ps ] ad. 可能,也許

    構  per(詞根表示“由于”)+haps(詞根表示“運氣”)

    拓  probably ad. 可能,或許

    例  Natural gas perhaps will last about 38 years. 天然氣資源也許還能用38年。(2011·哈爾濱)

    period [?p??ri?d ] n. 時期;時代

    拓  periodic a. 周期的;定期的

    periodical n. 期刊;雜志

    配  period of time 一段時間;時段

    例  It showed that it was quite safe for a man to be outside the spaceship for a certain period of time. 證據顯示,在一定的時間里,人類走出太空艙是很安全的。(2009·黃岡)

    permission [p??m??n ] n. 允許,許可

    構  permi(t)(v. 許可,允許,準許)+ssion(名詞后綴)

    拓  permit vi. & vt. 許可;允許

    配  without permission 未經許可

    with one's permission 如果……允許的話

    ask for permission 征求許可;請求允許

    例  Never smell or taste chemicals unless your teacher gives permission . 除非老師允許,否則不要聞或嘗化學品。(2011·武漢)

    person [?p?:sn ] n. 人

    拓  people n. 人們(復)

    personal a. 個人的,私人的

    配  in person 親自;外貌上

    例  I met a strange person in World Expo 2010 Shanghai. 我在2010年上海世博會上遇見了一位奇怪的人。(2010·四川)

    personal [?p?:s?nl ] a. 個人的,私人的

    構  person(n. 人)+al(形容詞后綴)

    拓  personally ad. 親自地;當面;個別地

    配  personal information 個人信息,個人情況;個人資料

    personal data 個人資料

    personal computer 個人電腦;個人計算機

    personal income 個人所得,個人收入

    例  It was a sadness that her sister never found lasting personal happiness. 她姐姐從未找到過個人長久的幸福,這是凄涼的。(2012·深圳)

    pet [pet ] n. 寵物,愛畜

    配  pet food 寵物食品

    例  We all know that Millie has a pet dog named Eddie. 我們都知道米莉有只寵物狗叫埃迪。(2011·鹽城)

    phone [f??n ]=telephone v. 打電話 n. 電話;電話機

    拓  phonecard n. 電話磁卡

    配  on the phone 在打電話

    phone call 電話

    pay phone 自動收費的公用電話

    例  Last week we phoned each other every day. 上周我們每天都通了電話。(2010·寧夏)

    photo [?f??t?? ] n.(=photograph)照片

    拓  photographer n. 攝影師

    配  photo album 相冊;相簿 take a photo 拍照

    例  Maybe you can send me a few photos of your city today. 或許你可以給我一些你所在城市的近況照片。(2012·陜西)

    physics [?f?z?ks ] n. 物理(學)

    拓  physical a. [物]物理的;身體的;物質的

    physicist n. 物理學家;唯物論者

    例  Jessica solved the physics problems without any help. 杰西卡獨立解答出了物理問題。(2012·上海)

    piano [p???n?? ] n. 鋼琴

    拓  pianist n. 鋼琴家,鋼琴演奏家

    配  play the piano 彈鋼琴

    例  I often ask my music teacher how can I play the piano well. 我經常請教音樂老師怎樣才能彈好鋼琴。(2010·廣東)

    pick [p?k ] v. 拾起;采集;挑選

    配  pick up 撿起;獲得;收拾;接某人

    pick out 挑選出

    例  Then he bent down, picked another starfish, and threw it into the sea. 然后他彎下腰,撿起另一只海星,扔回了海里。(2012·鹽城)

    I had to go to the airport at 9:00 am to pick up Uncle Jim and take him to my father's house. 我得早上九點趕到機場接吉米叔叔,送他去我父親那里。(2012·煙臺)

    picnic [?p?kn?k ] n. & v. (picnicked, picnicked) 野餐

    配  go on for a picnic 去野餐

    例  Boys and girls, pick up the litter after the picnic , please. 孩子們,野餐后請收拾好垃圾。(2011·上海)

    picture [?p?kt?? ] n. 圖片,照片

    配  out of the picture 不合適,不相干的

    take a picture 照相

    例  Today's TV screens are thinner and thinner, yet the pictures are better and better. 現在的電視屏幕越來越薄,但是畫面卻越來越清晰。(2012·河北)

    Listen and match the picture to the sentence you hear. 根據你聽到的句子,選出內容相符的圖片。(2011·上海)

    pie [pa? ] n. 派,餡餅;餅圖

    配  apple pie 蘋果派;蘋果餡餅

    例  The banana pie tastes delicious. Could I have another one? 這個香蕉餡餅嘗起來味道很好,我能再要一個嗎?(2011·山東濰坊)

    piece [pi?s ] n. 一塊(片,張,件……)

    配  a piece of 一片,一塊 a piece of cake 小菜一碟

    例  Then I began to learn that“a piece of cake”is not only a piece of cake, but also means a thing that is very easy. 那時我才明白,一小塊蛋糕不僅僅指的是一小塊蛋糕的意思,也可指輕而易舉的事情。(2010·南寧)

    pierce [p??s ] vt. 刺穿,刺破

    配  pierce through 突破,穿刺入

    例  One bullet pierced the left side of his chest. 一顆子彈射入了他的左胸。

    pig [p?g ] n. 豬

    配  when pigs fly 永無可能;決不可能

    例  I am going to make a special house for my pet pig this weekend. 本周末我打算為我的寵物豬做一個特別的房子。(2011·湖南)

    pilot [?pa?l?t ] n. 飛行員

    配  pilot test 小規模試驗;初步試驗

    例  How much time do pilots actually spend flying a plane? 飛行員駕駛飛機的實際花費時間是多少?(2011·青島)

    ping-pong [?p??p?? ] n. 乒乓球

    拓  table tennis n. 乒乓球

    配  play pingpong 打乒乓

    例  I almost have no free time for my hobbies, such as playing volleyball and ping-pong . 我幾乎沒有空余時間來從事我的愛好活動例如打排球、乒乓球。(2012·廣州)

    pink [p??k ] a. 粉紅色的 n. 粉紅色

    配  in the pink 非常健康;氣色紅潤;精力充沛

    例  Bonnie looks very smart and is always in pink because pink is her favorite color. 邦妮看起來很時尚。她總是穿著粉紅色的衣服,因為粉紅是她最喜歡的顏色。(2011·綿陽)

    pioneer [?pa???n?? ] n. 先鋒,開拓者

    配  young pioneer 少先隊員

    例  What if I am a pioneer , or even a genius? 要是我是個開拓者,甚至是個天才怎么辦?

    pity [?p?ti ] n. 憐憫,同情

    拓  pitiful a. 可憐的,令人同情的

    配  what a pity 多可惜啊

    have/take pity on 憐憫,同情

    例  How great O'Neal is! But it is a pity that he has decided not to play basket-ball. 奧尼爾真棒??!可惜他決定不打籃球了。(2011·黃石)

    place [ple?s ] n. 地方,處所 v. 放置;安排

    配  in place 適當,適當的;在適當的地方,在恰當的位置

    take place 發生;舉行

    in the first place 首先;起初

    例  The importance is placed on how to arrive at an answer and not only to get the correct answer. 重要性在于追尋答案的過程而非正確答案本身。(2006·南京)

    Great changes have taken place in China in the past ten years. 在過去的十年里,中國發生了巨大變化。(2010·鹽城)

    plain [ple?n ] a. 家常的,普通的

    拓  plainly ad. 明白地;坦率地;平坦地;樸素地

    配  be plain with you 坦率地告訴你,老實對你說

    in plain sight 顯而易見;一覽無遺

    例  They prefer their tea plain , with nothing else in it. 他們喜歡素茶,什么都不加。(2009·遼寧)

    But he himself lives a plain life. 但是他自己的生活卻很樸素。(2010·黃岡)

    plan [pl?n ] n. & v. 計劃,打算

    拓  planning n. 規劃;計劃編制 planner n. 計劃者,規劃師 planless a. 無計劃的

    配  plan for 為……訂計劃 plan on 打算,計劃

    例  We have no choice but to give up the travel plan . 我們別無選擇,只能放棄旅行計劃。(2011·鎮江)

    plane [ple?n ] n. (=aeroplane) 飛機配 by plane 乘飛機 on a plane 在飛機上

    例  The best way to reach the Angel Falls is to take a plane . 去安赫爾瀑布最好的方式就是坐飛機。(2012·大連)

    planet [?pl?n?t ] n. 行星

    例  After spending years searching for a planet with life, scientists may have found one. 科學家花費了畢生精力,可能已經找到了一顆行星。(2011·揚州)

    plant [plɑ?nt ] vt. 種植,播種 n. 植物

    拓  planting n. 種植,栽培

    配  in plant 生長著,活著

    plant oneself 站立不動,安家落戶

    例  I'm glad to find that many trees were planted in our city last year. 我很高興地發現在我們的城市去年種了許多樹。(2011·重慶)

    There are also thousands of different plants —and lots of tall trees! 還有數千種不同的植物和許多大樹?。?012·鹽城)

    plastic [?pl?st?k ] a. 塑料的 n. (常用 pl. )塑料

    配  plastic bag 塑料袋;塑膠袋

    例  We should take our own cloth bags when shopping instead of using plastic bags. 我們應該在購物時帶上自己的布制購物袋,不用塑料袋。(2009·呼和浩特)

    plate [ple?t ] n. 板;片;牌;盤子

    拓  plateful n. 一盤,滿盤

    配  license plate 牌照

    例  After the waiter took away the plate and the cup, the old man said,“Sorry for giving you too much trouble”. 在服務員拿走盤子和杯子后,老人說:“抱歉給你添太多麻煩了?!保?012·廣州)

    Earthquakes happen when two plates move against each other. 當兩個(地理)板塊互相碰撞,地震就發生了。(2010·阜康)

    play [ple? ] v. 玩;打(球);游戲 n. 玩耍;戲劇

    拓  player n. 運動員,比賽者;游戲者,表演者

    playful a. 開玩笑的;幽默的

    配  play an important role 起到重要作用

    play with 與……一起玩

    例  It took my brother a week to teach me how to play the guitar. 哥哥花了一個星期教我彈吉他。(2011·北京)

    The TV play is about a true story that happened in Mianyang in 1998. 這部電視劇改編于1998年綿陽發生的真實事件。(2010·綿陽)

    playground [?ple?gra?nd ] n. 操場,運動場

    構  play(v. 玩;打(球))+ground(n. 地面)

    例  Look! He is playing tennis on the playground . 瞧!他正在球場打網球。(2010·寧夏)

    pleasant [?pleznt ] a. 令人愉快的,舒適的

    構  pleas(e)(v. 使愉快)+ant(形容詞后綴)

    拓  unpleasant a. 不悅的,不愉快的

    pleasantly ad. 愉快地;和藹地,親切地

    配  pleasant to hear 好聽;入耳

    have a pleasant journey 一路順風

    例  A pleasant smile costs the least and does the most. 一個愉快的笑容所費最少,所得卻最多。(2010·哈爾濱)

    please [pli?z ] vt. 請;使人高興 ad. 請

    拓  pleased a. 高興的,愉快的

    pleasure n. 高興,愉快

    配  as you please 隨你的意思,隨你喜歡

    例  Boys and girls, look at the blackboard, please . 同學們,請看黑板。(2011·柳州)

    pleased [pli?zd ] a. 高興的,愉快的

    構  pleas(e)(v. 使人高興)+ed(形容詞后綴)

    拓  please vt. 請;使人高興

    配  pleased with oneself 自鳴得意

    pleased with 對……感到高興;對……感到滿意

    pleased to meet you 見到你很高興

    例  She was so pleased with Tom's work that she gave Tom a large cake! 她對湯姆的工作如此滿意,以至于她給了他一大塊蛋糕。(2012·鹽城)

    His mother was always pleased to receive his letters. 他的母親總是很喜歡收到他的來信。(2011·上海)

    pleasure [?ple?? ] n. 高興,愉快

    構  pleas(e)(v. 使人高興)+ure(名詞后綴)

    配  with pleasure 愉快地;樂意地;愿意

    for pleasure 為了消遣;為了取樂

    take pleasure in 樂于;喜歡

    例  The book you read for pleasure can be read in a state of relaxation. 用于消遣的書可以在休閑的時候看。(2011·河南)

    I hope I have time left to enjoy the success of others and to take pleasure in the day. 我希望我有時間剩下來可以分享別人成功的快樂,滿足于今日的生活。(2011·杭州)

    plenty [?plenti ] n. 充足,大量

    拓  plentiful a. 豐富的;許多的;豐饒的

    配  plenty of 大量;很多;許多

    in plenty 大量;充足

    例  There are plenty of reasons why a kid shouldn't cheat, but some students have already cheated. 有充足的理由說明孩子不應該作弊,但是有些學生已經作弊了。(2010·宜昌)

    p.m. ad. 午后(的),下午(的)

    例  Please pay for the tickets before 5:00 p.m. . 請在下午五點前付款買票。(2011·黃岡)

    pocket [?p?k?t ] n. (衣服的)口袋

    構  pock(詞根表示袋)+et(后綴表示?。?/p>

    配  in pocket 有錢;贏錢,賺錢

    pocket money 零用錢

    pocket PC 掌上電腦;袖珍型電腦

    例  When my son, Mark, was in the third grade, he saved all his pocket money for over three months to buy holiday presents. 我的兒子馬克,三年級時存了三個月全部的零用錢,用來買假日禮物。(2011·河南)

    There was a hole in his pocket , but no money. 他的口袋有個洞,但是沒錢。(2011·河南)

    poem [?p???m ] n. 詩

    拓  poetry n. 詩歌(總稱)

    配  narrative poem 敘事詩;敘述詩

    prose poem n. 散文詩

    例  They made poems and wrote Chinese calligraphy. 他們作詩,表演中國書法。(2010·廣東)

    poet [?p???t ] n. 詩人

    拓  poetic a. 詩的,詩歌的;詩意的;詩人的

    配  poet laureate 桂冠詩人;優秀的詩人

    例  As the Russian poet Pushkin said,“Inspiration is needed in geometry just as much as in poetry.”正如俄羅斯詩人普希金所說:“靈感對于幾何學,如同靈感對于詩歌一樣必不可少?!保?012·北京)

    point [p??nt ] v. 指,指向 n. 點;分數

    拓  pointless a. 無意義的

    配  point of view 觀點;見地;立場

    point out 指出,指明

    to the point 切題的,切中的

    例  When I was about 12, a girl in my class liked to point out my problems. 當我大約12歲時,我班上的一個女生喜歡指出我的問題。(2011·包頭)

    Children can score a point by reading 10 books or 1,000 pages. 孩子們閱讀10本書或1000頁書,可以得一分。(2009·大連)

    police [p??li?s ] n. (pl. ) 警察,警務人員;(the~)警察,警方

    拓  policeman n. 警察

    配  call the police 報警

    police station 派出所;警察局;公安局

    例  Try to remember what the robber looks like and tell the police later. 試著回憶劫匪的長相,然后告訴警察。(2011·烏魯木齊)

    policeman [p??li?sm?n ] n. (pl. ~men)警察;巡警

    構  police(n. (pl.) 警察,警務人員;(the ~)警察,警方)+man(n. 男人)

    拓  police-officer n. 警官,警察

    例  I would like to be a policeman when I grow up. Police can protect them from being hurt. 長大后我想當警察。保護人們不受傷害。(2010·咸寧)

    policewoman [p??li?sw?m?n ] n. (pl. ~women)女警察

    構  police(n. (pl.) 警察,警務人員;(the ~)警察,警方)+woman(n. 女人)

    例  She's a bank clerk, but she wants to be a policewoman . 她是銀行柜臺工作人員,但是她想當警察。(2011·黃岡)

    policy [?p?l?si ] n. 政策;方針

    構  poli(s)(n. 城市,國家)+cy(名詞后綴)

    配  foreign policy 外交政策

    public/national policy 國家政策

    例  Thanks to the policy , the government is sending home-electric machines to farmers, they can pay much less money. 多虧了(家電下鄉)政策,政府送家電下鄉,農民可以節約許多的費用。(2009·黃岡)

    politics [?p?l?t?ks ] n. 政治

    構  poli(s)(n. 城市,國家)+tics(詞根表示學科)

    拓  political a. 政治的;黨派的 politically ad. 政治上 politician n. 政治家,政客

    例  They also listen to the news about sports, the weather, politics , and activities of American people. 他們同樣也聽有關體育、天氣、政治和美國人的活動的新聞。(2009·山西)

    polite [p??la?t ] a. 有禮貌的,有教養的

    拓  impolite a. 不禮貌的

    politely ad. 有禮貌的,客氣的

    配  polite society 上流社會;文雅社會

    例  It's not polite to point at anyone with chopsticks at the dinner table. 吃飯的時候用筷子指著別人是不禮貌的。(2009·青島)

    pollute [p??lu?t ] vt. 污染

    拓  polluted a. 受污染的;被玷污的

    pollution n. 污染

    例  Acid rain pollutes our soil and crops, harms trees, and can even kill fish and plants. 酸雨會污染土地和農作物,也會導致動植物死亡。(2011·蘇州)

    U.S. Senator Gaylord Nelson first thought of the idea for Earth Day in 1962 when he saw polluted rivers and cities covered with smoke. 美國參議員蓋羅德·尼爾森看到污染了的河水和煙霧彌漫的城市后,于1962年率先提出“地球日”。(2009·青島)

    pollution [p??lu??n ] n. 污染

    構  pollu(te)(vt. 污染)+tion(名詞后綴)

    拓  pollutant n. 污染物

    polluter n. 污染者;污染源;污染物質

    配  environment pollution n. 環境污染

    例  In fact, the air pollution here is getting more and more serious. 事實上,這里的空氣污染變得越來越嚴重了。(2011·清遠)

    pond [p?nd ] n. 池塘

    例  Acid rain poisons our rivers, ponds , lakes, and oceans along with all the life in them. 酸雨毒害了河流、池塘、湖、海洋以及里面所有的生物。(2011·蘇州)

    pool [pu?l ] n. 水塘,水池

    配  swimming pool 游泳池

    indoor swimming pool 室內游泳池

    例  I still get nervous if I'm in a pool alone. 如果一個人在泳池,我仍然會緊張。(2010·佛山)

    poor [p?? ] a. 貧窮的;可憐的;差的

    拓  poorly a. 身體不舒服的;心情惡劣的 ad. 貧窮地;貧乏地;不充分地

    配  as poor as a rat 一貧如洗 be poor in/at 貧乏

    例  Recently two charity shows have been held successfully in Yancheng to raise money for the poor children. 最近,鹽城已經成功地舉辦了兩場為貧困兒童籌款的慈善演出。(2011·鹽城)

    He's poor at spelling. He made a lot of spelling mistakes in his writing. 他拼寫不夠好,寫作中出現了許多拼寫錯誤。(2012·杭州)

    pop [p?p ] a. (=popular)〈口〉(音樂、藝術等)大眾的,通俗的

    配  pop music 流行音樂

    pop star 歌星;流行歌手

    pop culture 流行文化;通俗文化

    例  In their spare time, most students like to listen to pop music. 大多數學生在業余時間喜歡聽流行音樂。(2011·溫州)

    popular [?p?pj?l? ] a. 流行的,大眾的,受歡迎的

    拓  popularity n. 普及,流行;受大眾歡迎

    popularly ad. 流行地;通俗地;普及地

    配  popular with 受……歡迎;有好評

    popular among 受……歡迎

    例  The song is becoming widely popular . 這首歌正在廣泛流行開來。

    population [?p?pju?le??n ] n. 人口,人數

    構  popula(te)(v. 使人民居住,移民)+tion(名詞后綴)

    拓  populous a. 人口稠密的;人口多的

    populate v. 居住于;構成人口;移民于

    配  population growth 人口的增長

    例  The population is growing fast. 人口增長很快。(2011·南寧)

    pork [p??k ] n. 豬肉

    配  pork chop 豬排 roast pork 烤豬肉,叉燒

    例  She often feels tired and doctor suggests that she eat some more meat such as beef or pork . 她經常覺得疲憊,醫生建議她多吃些肉類食品例如牛肉或豬肉。(2011·杭州)

    porridge [?p?r?? ] n. 麥片粥,粥

    配  plain porridge 白粥 rice porridge 稀飯

    例  While other kids ate candy for breakfast, I had to have porridge , eggs or toast. 其他孩子早餐可以吃糖果,而我只能喝粥,吃雞蛋或面包。(2011·黃岡市)

    position [p??z??n ] n. 位置

    構  pos(e→i)(n. 姿勢,姿態)+tion(名詞后綴)

    拓  pose n. 姿勢,姿態;裝模作樣 v. 造成,形成;擺姿勢;裝模作樣;提出;討論

    配  be in a position to 能夠;有做……的機會

    例  your sleeping position shows the real you. 你睡覺的姿勢可以揭示真正的你。(2011·河南)

    You must stand in other person's position and look at the situation through their eyes in order to truly understand their ideas. 你必須設身處地,從他們的角度看問題,才能真正理解他們的想法。(2012·山西)

    possible [?p?s?bl ] a. 可能的

    拓  impossible a. 不可能 possibility n. 可能性

    possibly ad. 可能地;也許;大概

    配  as much as possible 盡可能

    if possible 如果可能的話;如有可能

    make it possible 使它變成可能

    例  The best way to learn English is to speak as much as possible . 學英語最好的方法是盡可能地多說。(2010·山東)

    post [p??st ] n. 郵政;郵件 v. 投寄,郵寄 n. 柱 vt. 張貼(布告等)n. 職務;職位

    拓  postal a. 郵政的;郵局的

    poster n. 海報,廣告;招貼

    postage n. 郵資,郵費

    配  post office 郵局

    by post 以寫信的方式

    Washington Post 華盛頓郵報

    例  I want to post a letter. 我要寄封信。(2009·達州)

    postcard [?p??stkɑ?d ] n. 明信片

    構  post(n. 郵政;郵件)+card(n. 卡片)

    例  You can always see or get a lot of newly-designed postcards , especially on New Year's Day. 你可能經??吹交蚴盏叫略O計的明信片,尤其是新年。(2011·河北)

    poster [?p??st? ] n. 招貼海報

    構  post(n. 郵政;郵件)+er(名詞后綴)

    配  poster design 海報設計

    poster board 廣告紙板;海報用紙

    例  Put up some posters to ask them not to litter. 張貼一些海報讓他們別亂扔垃圾。(2009·寧波)

    postman [?p??stm?n ] n. 郵遞員

    構  post(n. 郵政;郵件)+man(n. 人)

    拓  mailman n. 郵遞員

    例  That postman is in charge of this route. 那個郵遞員負責這條投遞線路。

    posting [?p??st?? ] n. 公布;郵遞;布置構 post(n. 郵政;郵件)+ing(名詞后綴)

    例  Postings on the Internet can be accessed from anywhere in the world. 互聯網上的帖子可以從世界任何地方看到。

    potato [p??te?t?? ] n. (pl. potatoes) 土豆,馬鈴薯

    配  sweet potato 甘薯

    couch potato 成天躺著或坐在沙發上看電視的人;極為懶惰的人

    hot potato[口]燙手山芋(喻指棘手的問題)

    例  And sometimes, if you are unhappy, you usually prefer being a couch potato , right? 有時候,如果不開心,你會寧愿整天坐在沙發上看電視,是嗎?(2011·沈陽)

    She likes fish and potato chips. 她喜歡吃魚和薯條。(2011·杭州)

    pound [pa?nd ] n. 磅;英鎊

    配  by the pound 按每磅(計價)

    例  Our notebook computer weighs 5 pounds and costs about $2,000. 我們的筆記本有5磅重,大概要花2000美元。(2011·揚州)

    They will cost you a few pounds , though. Take a taxi once, for the experience. 雖然要花你幾英鎊,坐一次出租車吧,就當體驗了。(2012·上海)

    power [?pa?? ] n. 力量;能力;勢力;權力;動力;功率

    拓  powerful a. 強大的;強有力的

    powerless a. 無力的

    配  come to power(開始)掌權,上臺

    in power 當權的,在朝的

    例  Many power stations burn fuels in order to create the electricity that we use in our homes and offices everyday. 許多發電廠用燃料發電,供我們家庭和單位每天的用度。(2011·蘇州)

    Never underestimate the power of your actions. With one small action, you can change a person's life. 永遠不要低估行動的力量。你一個小小的行為,也許可以改變一個人的人生。(2009·哈爾濱市)

    powerful [?pa??f ] a. 強有力的,強大的

    構  power(n. 力量;能力)+ful(形容詞后綴)

    拓  powerfully ad. 強大地;強烈地;非常

    例  Athens, the capital of Greece, is knows as the birthplace of Western civilization. Two thousand four hundred years ago, it was the world's most powerful city. 希臘首都雅典,以西方文明發源地而聞名。2400多年前,它是世界上最強大的城市。(2008·南京)

    practical [?pr?kt?kl ] a. 實踐的,實際的

    構  practic(e)(n. 練習)+al(形容詞后綴)

    拓  practice n. 實踐;練習;慣例

    practically ad. 實際地;幾乎;事實上

    配  practical application 實際應用

    practical use 實際用途;實用

    例  Learning how to cook is not only a practical skill but a way of building a bridge to other people. 學習如何烹飪不僅僅是一項實用的技能,也是一個與人溝通的方式。(2011·揚州)

    practice [?pr?kt?s ] n. 練習 v. (英practise)練習,實踐

    拓  practiced a. 熟練的;有經驗的;老練的

    practicer n. 練習者,實踐者

    配  in practice 在實踐中;實際上,事實上

    into practice 實施;實行

    Practise what you preach. 身體力行。

    例  In order to speak English better, we shouldn't be afraid of losing face, because the most important thing is to practice . Remember, practice makes perfect. 為了說好英語,我們不應當害怕丟面子,因為最重要的就是實踐。記住,熟能生巧。(2011·哈爾濱)

    praise [pre?z ] n. & vt. 贊揚,表揚

    拓  praiseworthy a. 值得稱頌的

    配  in praise of 歌頌;為贊揚

    praise for 因為……贊美

    beyond (all) praise 贊美不盡

    例  Many teenagers think that happiness comes from good grades or praise from other people. 許多青少年認為,快樂來自好分數或別人的贊揚。(2009·長春)

    prepare [pr??pe? ] vt. 準備;配制

    拓  prepared a. 準備好的 preparation n. 預備;準備

    配  prepare for 為……準備,使有準備

    prepare for the worst 作最壞的打算

    例  I know how hard you have all worked to prepare for this test. 我知道你們有多努力地準備這次測驗。(2011·十堰)

    present [?preznt ] a. 出席的 n. 禮物

    拓  presently ad. (美)目前;不久

    presence n. 存在;出席;參加

    配  at present 目前,現在

    for the present 暫時;當前

    例  He said that he would give her the present as soon as she came back. 他說等她一回來就把禮物送給她。(2010·蘭州)

    However, Barbie is facing some trouble at present . 無論如何,芭比目前面對著很多麻煩。(2012·廣州)

    president [?prez?d?nt ] n. 總統;主席

    構  pre(前綴表示“在……前”)+sid(詞根表示“坐”)+ent(詞根表示“人”)

    拓  presidency n. 總統(或董事長、會長、大學校長等)的職位(任期);管轄

    配  vice president 副總統;副主席

    honorary president 名譽會長,名譽主席

    例  “ Many teachers are under greater pressure than ever before,”says Kylene Beers, President of the National Council for teachers of English. “許多教師承受比以前更多的壓力”,英語教師國家委員會主席比爾斯說。(2011·沈陽)

    pretty [?pr?ti ] a. 漂亮的

    配  pretty soon 不久 pretty good 非常好

    例  To celebrate Barbie's birthday, some beautiful ladies wore the same pretty dresses as Barbie dolls'. 為了慶祝芭比娃娃的生日,一些美女穿著和芭比娃娃一樣的漂亮的衣服。(2009·青海)

    That sounds like a pretty good idea. 聽起來這主意真不錯?。?006·武漢)

    prevent [pr??vent ] vt. 防止,預防

    構  pre(前綴表示“提前”)+vent(詞根表示“來”)

    拓  prevention n. 預防;阻止;妨礙

    配  prevent from 阻止,制止;妨礙

    例  How can we prevent acid rain? 怎樣防止酸雨現象發生?(2011·蘇州)

    price [pra?s ] n. 價格,價錢

    拓  priceless a. 無價的;極貴重的

    配  at any price 無論花多大代價;無論如何

    without price 寶貴的,無價的

    例  Liuxiang's success came at a price with a lot of hard work. 劉翔的成功是以大量的努力為代價的。(2012·深圳)

    pride [pra?d ] n. 自豪,驕傲

    拓  proud a. 自豪的,得意的,驕傲的

    配  take pride in 以……為傲

    例  Every middle school student is supposed to take pride in themselves because each of them has good points. 每個中學生都應該為自己感到自豪,因為每個人都有優點。(2010·烏魯木齊)

    Pride goes before a fall. 驕者必敗。(2010·常州)

    primary [?pra?m?ri ] a. 初級的;主要的

    構  prima(l)(a. 最初的)+ry(名詞后綴)

    拓  primarily ad. 首先;主要地,根本上

    配  primary school 小學

    primary education 初等教育

    例  In the UK, children start primary school at the age of five and stay until they are eleven. 英國的學生5歲上小學直到11歲。(2009·青海)

    Use primary colors red, yellow and blue in a proper Way. 請用正確方法使用紅黃藍三原色。(2012·南通)

    prince [pr?ns ] n. 王子

    拓  princess n. 公主

    配  live like a prince 過王侯般的奢侈生活,養尊處優

    例  The wedding of Prince William and Kate on April 29 was so striking that a lot of tourists went there to watch it. 威廉王子和凱特4月29日的婚禮如此引人注目,致使大量游客前去觀看。(2011·四川樂山)

    princess [?pr?n?ses ] n. 公主

    構  prince(n. 王子)+ess(名詞后綴表女性)

    拓  prince n. 王子

    例  When I was in the third grade, I was chosen to be the princess in the school play. 我讀三年級的時候,被選中在學校劇目中扮演公主。(2010·常州)

    print [pr?nt ] vt. 印刷

    拓  printer n. 打印機;印刷工

    printing n. 印刷;印刷術

    配  in print 已出版;在銷售中 print out(打)印出

    例  Users can also print the pages on paper if they want to. 如果用戶需要,也可以將這些頁面打印出來。(2010·深圳)

    printer [?pr?nt? ] n. 打印機

    構  print(vt. 印刷)+er(名詞后綴)

    配  laser printer 激光印刷機

    ink jet printer 噴墨式打印機;噴墨印表機

    例  His father died when he was just 12 years old and Clemens then went to work for a printer to help support his family. 克萊曼先生還只有12歲時,父親就過世了。他于是干起了印刷工來幫忙養家。(2010·沈陽)

    prison [?pr?zn ] n. 監獄

    拓  prisoner a. 囚犯的 n. 戰俘

    配  in prison 坐牢 break prison 越獄

    go to prison 入獄;被監禁

    例  —Drunken drive is dangerous, isn't it?

    —Yeah. That why drunken drivers are sent to prison even without causing accidents.

    ——酒后開車很危險,是嗎?

    ——是的。這就是酒后開車的司機被送進監獄的原因,哪怕沒有發生事故。(2011·綿陽)

    prisoner [?pr?zn? ] n. 囚犯構 prison(n. 監獄)+er(名詞后綴)

    配  prisoner of war 戰俘 political prisoner 政治犯

    例  He wrote that he was in a Japanese prisoner of war camp. 他寫道他曾經在日本的戰俘營待過。(2011·上海)

    private [?pra?v?t ] a. 私人的

    拓  privately ad. 私下地;秘密地

    配  in private 私下地;秘密地

    private property 私有財產;私有制

    例  Finally, Snoopy, Charlie Brown's lovable dog who lives in his own private dream world, also had his “50th birthday”celebrated by China's Snoopy fans in 2000. 最終,在2000年,中國史努比迷為查理·布朗可愛的小狗——生活在他個人夢中世界的小狗——史努比,舉辦了50歲的“生日會”。(2010·大連)

    prize [pra?z ] n. 獎賞,獎品

    拓  prizeless a. 未獲獎的

    配  first prize 一等獎 prize winner 得獎者

    例  He won the Nobel Prize in 1954 mainly because of the novel The Old Man and the Sea . 他主要憑借小說《老人與?!?,獲得了1954年的諾貝爾文學獎。(2012·溫州)

    probable [?pr?b?bl ] a. 很有可能的

    拓  probably ad. 大概;或許;很可能

    配  most probable 最可能的

    例  It seems very probable that my neighbor wanted to please his mother. 看起來非常有可能,我鄰居想要取悅他的母親。(2009·寧夏)

    probably [?pr?b?bli ] ad. 很可能,大概

    構  probab (le)(a. )+ly(副詞后綴)

    拓  probable a. 很可能的;可信的

    例  We'll probably finish the work before 10:00. 我們可能會在十點前完成工作任務。(2012·河北)

    We would probably be bored to death. 我們可能會要無聊死了。(2012·濟南)

    problem [?pr?bl?m ] n. 問題,難題

    配  difficult problem 難題 no problem 沒問題

    例  No matter how difficult the problem is, I will try my best to work it out. 無論這道題有多難,我都將盡力把它解出來。(2010·四川)

    produce [pr??dju?s ] vt. 生產;制造

    拓  product n. 產品;結果 production n. 生產

    producer n. 制作人,制片人;生產者

    例  But in my opinion, the best thing is a bicycle. They don't produce any pollution and help you to keep fit at the same time. 但是依我看,最好的是自行車。他們不會產生任何污染,同時還能幫助你減肥。(2012·山西)

    production [pr??d?k?n ] n. 生產

    構  produc(e )(vt. 生產;制造)+tion(名詞后綴)

    拓  productive a. 能生產的;生產的,生產性的;多產的;富有成效的

    配  make a production (out) of 對……作不必要的發揮

    例  They think that all our problems will soon be solved by car companies with the production of the Supercar. 他們以為隨著超級轎車的生產,我們所有的問題都會被汽車公司很快解決。(2008·南京)

    program [?pr??gr?m ](英 programme)n. 節目,節目表 vt. 把程序輸入,為……編制程序

    構  pro(前綴表示在前)+gram(詞根表示寫)

    配  computer program 計算機程序

    TV program 電視節目

    例  In the end, they worked out a software program with the old machine. 最后他們在一臺舊機器上終于開發出了一個電腦軟件程序。(2011·南寧)

    progress [?pr??gres ] n. 進步,上進 vi. 進展,進行

    構  pro(詞根表示向前)+gress(詞根表示步,走)

    配  in progress 正在進行;在發展中

    例  I didn't know if you had made progress last year. 我不知道你去年是否取得了進步。(2010·荊州)

    As the transfusion progressed , he lay in bed next to his sister and smiled, seeing the colour returning to her face. 隨著輸血的進行,躺在姐姐隔壁的床上的他,笑看著血色逐漸回到她的臉上。(2010·佛山)

    promise [?pr?m?s ] n. & vi. 答應,允諾

    拓  promising a. 有希望的,有前途的

    配  promise oneself 指望

    keep promise 守信

    make a promise 允許;允諾

    例  I cannot promise you anything at this moment, but I will try my best. 此刻我沒辦法許諾你什么,但是我會盡全力。(2012·無錫)

    pronounce [pr??na?ns ] vt. 發音

    拓  pronunciation n. 發音;讀法

    例  He helps kids pronounce English words properly. 他幫助學生們正確地英語單詞發音。(2012·山西)

    pronunciation [pr??n?ns??e??n ] n. 發音

    構  pronounc(e→i)(vt. 發音)+ation(名詞后綴)

    例  Which of the following underlined parts has different pronunciation ? 以下的畫線部分中,哪個的發音不同?(2012·湖北咸寧)

    proper [?pr?p? ] a. 恰當的,合適的

    拓  properly ad. 適當地;正確地;恰當地

    配  proper time 適當的時候 proper for 適合

    例  A proper diet can have a good effect on your mental health. 正確的飲食可以對心理健康產生良好的影響。(2011·常州)

    properly [?pr?p?li ] ad. 恰當地,正確地

    構  proper(a. 恰當的,合適的)+ly(副詞后綴)

    拓  proper a. 恰當的,合適的

    配  behave properly 行為正當

    例  However, you have to know how to treat a snake properly ! 無論如何,你得知道怎么正確對待一條蛇。(2012·蘇州)

    protect [pr??tekt ] vt. 保護

    構  pro(前綴表示前)+tect(詞根表示遮蓋起來,引申為保護)

    拓  protection n. 保護;防衛 protective a. 保護的

    protector n. 保護者

    配  protect against 使免受

    protect from 使免受,保護

    例  Everyone should do something to help protect the Earth's natural environment. 每個人都應該做些有助于保護地球自然環境的事。(2011·柳州)

    proud [pra?d ] a. 自豪的,驕傲的

    拓  proudly ad. 傲慢地,自負地;得意洋洋地

    配  proud of 為……而感到驕傲

    例  If someone looks very proud or satisfied with himself, we say he looks like the cat that ate the canary. 如果一個人看起來很自滿或驕傲,我們說他看起來像偷吃了腥的貓。(2011·蕪湖)

    prove [pru?v ] vt. 證明 vi. 證明是,結果是

    拓  proof n. 證明

    配  prove to be 結果是,證明為

    例  She proved to be highly professional at her job. 她證明了她在工作上的高度專業。(2011·溫州)

    provide [pr??va?d ] vt. 提供

    拓  provider n. 供應者;養家者

    配  provide for 供養,供給;規定;為……作準備

    provide with 供給

    例  Playing basketball games can provide us with chances to learn team spirits. 參加籃球比賽能給我們提供學習團隊精神的機會。(2010·鹽城)

    public [?p?bl?k ] a. 公共的,公眾的 n. 公眾

    拓  publicly ad. 公然地;以公眾名義

    配  in public ad. 公開地,當眾

    public security 公共安全

    public opinion 民意;公眾輿論

    例  He said he would make his study on the fish known to the public in an American magazine early next year. 他說在明年早些時候,他要把關于魚類的研究刊登在美國雜志上公之于眾。(2011·包頭)

    pull [p?l ] v. 拉,拖 n. 拉力,引力

    拓  push v. 推

    配  pull down 摧毀,推翻;拉下來

    例  A lady was pulling a bag of rubbish. 一位女士正拖著一袋垃圾。(2011·南京)

    If they want to go faster, they get dogs to pull them on sleds. 如果他們想走得快些,可以坐在雪橇上讓狗來拉。(2011·無錫)

    punish [?p?n?? ] v. 懲罰,處罰

    拓  punishment n. 懲罰

    配  punish for 處罰,懲罰 punish with 用……懲罰

    例  He would punish the assistant for having destroyed his painting. 他會因為助理損壞了他的畫而懲罰他。(2009·煙臺)

    pupil [?pju?pl ] n. (?。W生

    拓  college student 大學生

    例  Before the dance, pupils are given lessons in dancing. 跳舞之前,學生們要上舞蹈課。(2011·廈門)

    purple [?p?:pl ] a. 紫色的 n. 紫色

    配  purple flower 紫花;紫羅蘭

    born in the purple 出身顯貴

    例  You mean the purple sweater or the blue one? 你是指那件紫色毛衣還是藍色的那件?(2010·泰安)

    purpose [?p?:p?s ] n. 目的,意圖

    構  pro(前綴表示在……之前)+pose(詞根表示放)

    拓  purposely 故意地;蓄意地

    配  for the purpose 為某目的

    on purpose 有目的地,故意地

    with the purpose of 目的是;為了……

    例  Beside learning a practical skill, another purpose of learning to cook is to make friends. 除了學習實用技能,學習烹飪的另一個目的是交朋友。(2011·揚州)

    purse [p?:s ] n. 錢包

    拓  wallet n. 男用皮夾

    例  I thought I lost my purse , but I didn't. I found it in my study! 我以為錢包丟了,其實沒有。我在書房找著了?。?012·徐州)

    push [p?? ] n. & v. 推

    拓  pull n. & v. 拉

    配  push oneself 鞭策自己;發憤;自強;加勁

    例  Once the actor Edwards told his fans,“ Be yourself and don't let anybody push you around.”有一次,演員愛德華告訴他的影迷:“做自己,不受別人的擺布?!保?012·武漢)

    Then she pushed the button on her camera. 接著她按下了相機的按鈕。(2009·黃岡)

    put [p?t ] vt. 放,擺

    配  put forward v. 提出;拿出;推舉出

    put on 穿上;上演

    put out 熄滅

    put forth 提出;發表

    put down 鎮壓;記下

    put off 推遲

    put away 放好

    put up with 忍受

    例  I think it's a good way to put out the fire with a blanket. 我認為用毯子把火撲滅是個好方法。(2010·江蘇)

    Put the shampoo in your hair and then turn on the shower and wash it out. 先把洗發露抹于頭發上,再打開淋浴洗干凈。(2011·貴陽)

    It's cold outside. You'd better put on your coat and scarf. 外面冷,你最好穿外套帶圍巾。(2012·江蘇)


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